In Phase I of the project, I asked whether Yucatecan migrants organized around their ethnic identity in the U.S. My reading and preliminary fieldwork has suggested that Yucatecan ethnic identity is a largely cultural(ist) phenomena. That is, ethnic identity is not used as a basis for political organization, but is used as a source of pride among Yucatecan migrants. In Phase II, I would like to study how Yucatecan migrants' perception and practice of ethnic identity shifts as they spend more time in the U.S. and interact with Mexicans from other states and with other ethnic and racial minorities in the U.S. Do they begin to identify as Maya more strongly in their new context (U.S.)? Do they adopt a more pan-Mexican identity as they interact more intensely with migrants from the rest of Mexico? Do they understand their situation in the U.S. as being shaped by racism and discrimination? How does identity shape their political and social organization/participation in the U.S.? I am now ready to explore, through fieldwork and structured interviews, the role of ethnic identity in Yucatecan political and social organization in the U.S.