After more than a decade of studying ethnic mobilization among indigenous peoples of southern Mexico, I am interesting in applying this knowledge to examine native peoples who migrate from Mexico to the U.S. This "new direction" builds on an immigration class I've been teaching at Allegheny College over the past six years. In this project I examine how migrants of Maya origin from the Mexican state of Yucatan organize politically in the United States. I am particularly interested in exploring whether or not these migrants are using ethnic identity to organize. Do the Yucatecan Maya - a community that does not mobilize around ethnic identity in their home state - use ethnic identity as a way to solidify community bonds in the U.S.? How does "being Maya" shift in a new context? Do Yucatec migrants of Maya origin tend to organize around home-town identities or broader, ethnic identities? With monies from New Directions, I will spend three weeks during the summer of 2010 doing extensive reading on Mexican migrants in the U.S., specifically on political organizing. Second, I plan to travel to Kenyon College and spend one to two days in conversation with a group of colleagues who do work on immigration and border issues facilitated by Joe Klesner, a fellow Mexicanist with whom I have begun to talk about the immigration class he teaches.