The central question that we explore in the first step of this innovative collaboration is how can 19th century Paris be both the world's foremost cosmopolitan city, indeed the intellectual, cultural capital of the world, while it was at the same time the seat of colonialism? The lens through which we explore these dueling notions is through studying the 1867 and the 1889 World Fairs set in Paris. We ask who and what were being represented at these expositions and what results, effects and inspiration might have been consequences of this encounter. We also ask who and what were present, but nonetheless marginalized, exoticized (Josephine Baker is but one example) or made to look like savage natives or specimens. Furthermore we ask who and what could have participated in these fairs, but were excluded. Conversely, we also ask what was the transnational motivation for participating in these expositions. We will spend three weeks in the summer (August 1-21, 2012) researching Paris World's Fairs from an interdisciplinary perspective through readings on World' Fairs, as well as researching the artistic, musical and cultural production relevant to Paris, both as cosmopolitan and colonial space in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries. We will include also plan our trip in October 19-27, 2012, establishing contacts in France, identifying locations to visit and begin planning the interdisciplinary course we would like to teach. In the trip we will allow discussion with French experts in the field and visiting sites important to this project.