This New Direction grant provides for studying Turkish in the immersion program of Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, for Sohrab Behdad. Sohrab is Professor of Economics at Denison University. He has begun learning Turkish because he is undertaking a research project on the political economy of Turkey. After studying two semesters of Turkish in a tutorial program (fall 2009 and spring 2010) at Denison University, he will be in a position to take full advantage of the intermediate immersion program at Bogazici University in the summer of 2010. Learning Turkish is essential for his new direction in studying the social class formation in Turkey in the past five decades.