This is a project to develop a course, HIST 236 Modern Japan, to examine how Japanese history was reshaped when Western science and technology was introduced to Japan and intermingled with native Japanese and Chinese science and technology in early modern East Asia. Regional interactions among Japanese, Koreans and Qing dynasty intellectuals, merchants and political agents formed networks that facilitated the exchange of ideas and technology and also shaped crucial political, social, and economic history. Japan's choice of adopting Western science, technology and medicine provided it with membership into a Western-dominated realm of global imperial empires, radically reshaping East Asian geopolitics. In addition to examining that processes of modernization, I would also like to study the history of Japan through the experiences of women, peasants, outcasts and rebels. In shifting how we assess Japan's nation-building, imperialism and economic boom in post-1945 through the history of the science, technology and medicine, and how those impacted those with less voice or visibility, we will come to interrogate ideas of modernity, science, technology and medicine.