Using archival document and content analysis, interviews, primary source analysis, and ethnographic methods of research, this project seeks to answer the questions, "What factors are behind political instability or stable political consolidation? Specifically, what role do institutions – from central constitutions to land regimes – play interactively with elite-driven affairs of state and identity politics to support or derail emerging democracies?" Initial research suggests that democratic prospects are mitigated by methods of institutional implementation in the context of identity politics. Drawing from the case of Kenya and its relatively new 2010 Constitution, its 2013 Presidential elections, and its provisions for devolution and land regime reform, the new National Land Policy, and the power-sharing agreement after 2008's post-electoral violence, this project builds on and tests the proposition that identity politics and institutions intersect in ways important to democratic prospects. Existing research focuses on institutions, ethnicity, land rights or political elites, but no systematic study exists examining the tight overlap and intersection of these four factors. Kenya’s situation is one of identity politics historically embedded in the context of convoluted and irregular land apportionment and a previous Constitution vesting extreme power in the central government, in the hands of often self-serving political elites. These realities all intersect in a manner that does not allow them to be understood or dealt with in isolation from one another. Thus, this study would consider the interwoven factors of institutional framing and implementation , identity politics and democratic possibilities in a unique yet representative African context.