I am requesting support to begin research in the history of palliative care in the United States. I hope to explore the varying approaches to managing pain and end of life issues in the nation's past, roughly from the rise of modern medicine in the middle of the nineteenth century to the present. While this new course of research is well-suited to certain aspects of my training and scholarship in US history and the histories of American race relations and sexuality, it will require significant new expertise and research. In the long term, I hope to publish a monograph on some aspect of race and American medical history, perhaps on the history of palliative care in the US. In Summer 2012, I intend to conduct both primary and secondary source research on this new topic. The primary source research will focus on late-nineteenth-century American medical journals from approximately 1880 to 1900. I will search the journals with a special interest in discussions of racial differences and pain, pain management, and care of dying patients. Secondary reading will concentrate on studies of palliative care and end of life in a historical context and the developing field of the history of race and medicine.