This proposal seeks funding to support research examining literary, philosophical, and socio-political convergences between Buddhist and Marxist theories and frames of analysis. While we have co-taught a course on 'Marxism in Politics and Literature,' and while one proposer has some teaching experience in relation to Buddhism and mindfulness, the project is a new direction in scholarly research for both participants. While there are a few scholarly and other treatments of commonalities and differences between these two philosophies, we are also interested in reading in Buddhism and Marxism separately to find convergences and areas where they have conceptual and theoretical similarities. For instance, both approaches utilize ideas of 'consciousness' as a way of understanding how this concept shapes our actions within the material world, as well as to how our "conditioned selves" (Buddhism) contribute to notions of 'hegemony' (Marxism) in terms of how ideologies shape and limit our understandings of the true nature of the world. Both theories also contain their own modes of critique of contemporary capitalist and especially consumerist society. We plan to use our research to write an article regarding Buddhist and Marxist themes in the writing of Charles Johnson, especially in his satirical novel Oxherding Tale, as well as a more general article exploring common themes in Buddhism and Marxism as 'alternative modernities.'