During the summer of 2012, I hope to spend a month in Spain, tracing the journey of Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, which lived and toured there in 1916-1918. I plan to structure my trip around some of the cities where the company performed on their Spanish tour, so that I can visit theaters in which they appeared and seek documentary evidence of the performances and their reception. My primary interest, however, is in what the Russian dancers experienced when they were not on stage. I am especially intrigued by the history and culture of the café cantante, a type of cafe that flourished all over Spain from the mid-19th- to the early 20th century, and featured performances of flamenco dance and music. Although these were looked down upon by Spain's artistic and intellectual elites at the time, for foreigners, including Diaghilev and the members of his company, they represented the essence of Spanish culture, and the Russian dancers gravitated there whenever they had the chance. I will explore the Biblioteca Nacional and other archives for documentation of these institutions, and of the music and dance that was performed there at the time of Diaghilev's visit. I especially look forward to attending performances of and getting some instruction in flamenco and other Spanish dances that the Russians would have seen (such as the jota, seguidillas, farruca, and fandango). I hope to use the documents I gather to create a digital resource on the Ballets Russes in Spain, which I look forward to using in my teaching, and which I hope will be of interest to students, scholars and aficionados, both of the Ballets Russes and of the history of Spanish dance.