Everyone agrees that today's world is more interdependent than ever before and most reports agree that the gap between rich and poor in the world is widening. Public health experts and economists have linked poor health to poverty in a reversal of the traditional model, now suggesting that poor health is the obstacle to be overcome to attain a better financial situation. The poorest people in the world suffer enormously from a group of diseases that have been classified at the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). While many of these diseases are treatable, the statistical evidence for infection rates with these diseases is missing in many medically underserved communities globally. With this New Direction Award, I will move from being a molecular biochemist to being a global health scholar with an emphasis on the Neglected Tropical Diseases. I will develop collaborations with nonprofit partners in Uganda and Ecuador to establish surveillance programs for NTDs.