Since its founding, Malaysia has promoted itself as a tolerant, secular society, one where different ethnic groups can live together and build a successful community. Reflecting its Muslim-majority culture, Malaysia established Islam as the religion of state, but it subordinated Islamic law to civil law. The course of democratic politics, however, has raised questions about the secular nature of society and the state. Competition between the two major political parties - one secular and one Islamist - has brought Islamic symbols and values into the forefront of the political culture and led to increasing levels of government-mandated Islamization. As a result, the secular nature of society began to lose ground or appear to do so. While the history of political tensions between the parties has been well documented in scholarly literature, the impact of Islamization and heightened Islamic politics on Muslim attitudes has received less attention. This project will address this deficiency by providing an ethnographic study of attitudes toward the secular at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, a training ground for government-employed religious functionaries.