This NDI proposal is for me to begin Arabic language studies during the summer of 2011. This study is intended to lay the foundation for a semester of work studying the Qur'an, while continuing intermediate Arabic, in the fall semester 2011. I have applied for an NEH Teaching Development fellowship to support the fall semester. The NDI grant will thus allow me to jumpstart Arabic studies in the summer and better leverage the semester of both Qur'an and Arabic. The end result of both grants is to revise the teaching of "Introduction to Hebrew Bible" to introduce the Bible as a foundational text for the three religious traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam rather than just the Hebrew Bible or Christian Old Testament. The humanistic value for the students will include a more complex view of the Bible and the history of religions, including Islam, than the course currently offers. Teaching the Bible as sacred scriptures of multiple religions complicates student understanding of a well-known text in a way similar to the historical-critical method that I currently use. The goal of this research is to increase the points of view in the classroom by reading the Bible as a text inherited by multiple religious traditions. This grant then begins a new direction for me: the study of Arabic leading to the study of the Qur'an and Islam. These are areas I have never studied in college or graduate school. And while I begin this new direction thinking about personal intellectual renewal as well as the revision of of a course I teach every year, the comparison of the Bible and the Qur'an is close to my core interests in the humanities, the rhetoric of difference in religious discourse, and could, in the future, be extended to the discourse of difference in early encounters of Christianity and Islam. I hope that in time a new intellectual direction in teaching will open new vistas of research as well.